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      口译发声练习怎样做好?

      时间:2020-07-23 18:31:54 作者:


        陪同口译人员在表达的时候,首先需要有标准的发音,并且吐字清晰,如果译员发现自己发音有吐字不清的问题需要及时纠正,下面翻译公司小编带大家了解口译发声练习怎样做好?

        When accompanying an interpreter, he / she should first have standard pronunciation and pronounce clearly. If the interpreter finds that his / her pronunciation is unclear, he / she needs to correct it in a timely manner. Now, the small editor of the translation company will take you to know how to do a good job in the pronunciation practice of interpretation?

        1、运用声音

        1. Using sound

        译员表达时首先要吐字清晰、发音标准。译员对于听众而言就是一个发言者,要让听众听得清楚、便于理解。语音训练可以通过朗读、演讲和绕口令来进行。译员要及时发现自己的发音含糊、吐字不清等问题并作针对性的纠正。

        First of all, the interpreter should pronounce clearly and pronounce standard. An interpreter is a speaker to the audience, so that the audience can hear clearly and understand it easily. Speech training can be done by reading aloud, speaking and tongue twisters. The interpreter should find out his / her ambiguous pronunciation and unclear articulation in time and correct them accordingly.

        译员声音还要洪亮,要学会用丹田发音,而不是用喉音。音质尽量柔和悦耳。译员保持足够的音量和合适的音质,既是自信的表现,又有利于克服紧张情绪。

        The interpreter's voice should be loud and clear, and he should learn to pronounce with Dantian instead of larynx. Try to be soft and pleasant. The interpreter should keep enough volume and appropriate sound quality, which is not only a manifestation of confidence, but also conducive to overcoming tension.

        声音训练可以通过大量的朗读练习来进行。另一种练习形式是就同一份讲话材料,以快速、慢速和快慢交替的速度分别演讲。这种练习主要是针对口译中发言者有时候会突然改变说话的速度,例如受时间的限制要提前结束发言等情况,译员也能做出相应的调整。译员练习时要做到音质音量始终如一,不能让听众感觉到太突兀的变化,即使速度变化也要保持声音平稳悦耳。

        Sound training can be done through a lot of reading exercises. Another form of practice is to speak on the same speech material in a fast, slow and alternate speed. This kind of practice is mainly aimed at the situation that the speaker sometimes changes his speaking speed suddenly. For example, due to the limitation of time, the interpreter can also make corresponding adjustments. In practice, the interpreter should keep the sound quality and volume consistent, and should not make the audience feel too abrupt changes. Even if the speed changes, the voice should be stable and pleasant.

        译员在发声方面还应注意麦克风的使用。由于译员工作时大多通过麦克风传递声音,因此一定要注意合理控制发声,嘴巴与麦克风要保持一段距离,避免紧张的喘气声和其他附加声音通过麦克风传递出去,影响译文的表达。

        The interpreter should also pay attention to the use of microphone. Since most of the interpreter's voice is transmitted through the microphone, we must pay attention to the reasonable control of the voice. The mouth should keep a certain distance from the microphone to avoid the nervous panting and other additional sound transmitted through the microphone, which will affect the expression of the translation.

        2、把握节奏

        2. Grasp the rhythm

        译员在表达时要做到节奏平稳、断句合理。适当的停顿能帮助听众更好地理解和把握说话人的意图,更积极地聆听演讲,所以译员在平时说话和口译时都要注意节奏的变化,合理地停顿。

        The interpreter should keep the rhythm steady and break sentences reasonably. Proper pause can help the audience understand and grasp the speaker's intention better and listen to the speech more actively. Therefore, the interpreter should pay attention to the change of rhythm and pause reasonably when speaking and interpreting.

        这种能力可以通过朗读练习来培养,朗读时以意群为单位,注意断句的位置和停顿时间,并邀请同伴做听众,以检查自己朗读的效果,帮助发现问题。

        This kind of ability can be developed through reading exercises. When reading aloud, we should take the meaning group as the unit, pay attention to the position and pause time of broken sentences, and invite peers to be listeners to check the effect of reading and help find problems.

        3、调整语气

        3. Adjust tone

        语气是体现讲话者感情色彩最直接的信号。它包括质疑、感叹、愤怒、牢骚、释然、强调等。译员可以在平时练习中多看各种演讲的视频,揣摩说话人不同语气的运用,设想自己就是讲者,像演员一样重新演绎先前的讲话,做到神形相似。

        Mood is the most direct signal to reflect the speaker's emotional color. It includes questioning, exclamation, anger, complaint, relief, emphasis and so on. The interpreter can watch more videos of various speeches in his usual practice, try to figure out the use of different tones of the speaker, imagine that he is the speaker, and re interpret the previous speech like an actor, so as to achieve the similarity of spirit and shape.

        另外,译员的语气要尽量与场合保持一致:如果翻译场合庄严肃穆,翻译时尽量不要过于诙谐和随意;相反如果是在非正式的场合,如果讲者的语气比较调侃,译员翻译时也应做到轻松幽默。

        In addition, the interpreter's tone should be consistent with the occasion as far as possible: if the translation occasion is solemn and solemn, try not to be too humorous and casual; on the contrary, if it is an informal occasion, if the speaker's tone is more humorous, the interpreter should also be relaxed and humorous when translating.

        以上就是给大家分享的内容,希望可以帮到大家!

        The above is to share the content, I hope to help you!

      中译国际翻译(北京)有限公司
      China International Translation service Co., Ltd.

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