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      英语新闻翻译有什么特点?

      时间:2020-04-24 16:07:25 作者:


        新闻内容涉及十分广泛,每种形式所采用的文体也大不相同,很多翻译公司都具有英语新闻翻译的服务,今天给大家分享英语新闻翻译有什么特点?能够掌握英语新闻翻译的特点就能够更好的做好翻译工作。

        The content of news is very extensive, and the style of each form is very different. Many translation companies have the service of English news translation. What are the characteristics of English news translation today? If we can grasp the characteristics of English news translation, we can do a better job of translation.

        1、英语新闻翻译的语言特征

        1. Linguistic features of English news translation

        大众性、趣味性和节俭性构成了新闻英语在语言风格上的特色。新闻英语的语言有趣易懂,简洁精炼,用非常经济的语言表达丰富的内容。因此我们在翻译过程中应尽可能删去可用可不用但又不影响表达内容完整与准确的词。此外,新闻语体语言清晰,不能模棱两可,更不应晦涩难懂,但同时,新闻语体又讲究表达有力、叙述生动,因而我们翻译时必须在用词上多加锤炼,表现出新闻文体的总貌。

        The popularity, interest and frugality constitute the features of journalistic English in language style. The language of news English is interesting and easy to understand, concise and concise, and it expresses rich content in very economic language. Therefore, we should try our best to delete the words that can be used but not affect the integrity and accuracy of the expression. In addition, the language of news style is clear, not ambiguous, not to mention obscure, but at the same time, news style pays attention to strong expression and vivid narration, so we must exercise more words in translation to show the general appearance of news style.

        2、英语新闻翻译的常用词汇表达

        2. Common vocabulary expression in English news translation

        英语新闻翻译常用词汇有特定的新闻色彩。新闻报道常使用某些词汇来表达事实和事件,因此这些词汇经过长期使用后逐渐取得与新闻报道相联系的特殊意义,成为新闻体词语, 我们在英语新闻翻译过程中要熟悉英美报刊经常使用的特定词汇,平时多留意“小词”、“生造词”和缩略词,准确理解词义,不可望文生义。

        The common words in English news translation have specific news color. News reports often use some words to express facts and events, so these words gradually acquire the special meaning associated with news reports after long-term use and become news words, In the process of English news translation, we should be familiar with the specific words often used in British and American newspapers, and pay more attention to "small words", "coined words" and abbreviations at ordinary times, so as to accurately understand the meaning of words, which is not expected to be coined.

        3、英语新闻翻译的文化因素和国情因素

        3. Cultural factors and national conditions in English news translation

        要做好英语新闻的翻译工作,译者除了应具备语言知识外,还需要具备必要的文化常识和政治常识,要注意扩大知识面,这样才不会误译或导致严重后果。例如将国家和地区并列,都可能会引起严重的后果。

        In order to do a good job in English news translation, translators should not only have language knowledge, but also have necessary cultural and political common sense, and pay attention to expanding the scope of knowledge, so as not to mistranslate or lead to serious consequences. For example, juxtaposing countries and regions can have serious consequences.

        4、英语新闻翻译的语法特点

        4. Grammatical features of English news translation

        在英语新闻中现在时被广泛使用,为了造成事件正在进行中的效果,给人以真实感,无论是标题或是 正文都常常采用现在时代替过去时,还有就是较多使用扩展的简单句,由于报刊篇幅有限,新闻文体在语法方面一个重要特点是句型的高度扩展,结构严谨,将丰富的信息压缩在有限的篇幅中。常见的方法有使用同位语、介词短语、分词短语等语言成分扩展简单句,有时还较多的使用插入语代替从句,从而简化句子结构。

        Now tense is widely used in English news. In order to create the effect of the event in progress and give people a sense of reality, whether it is the title or the The main body often uses the present times instead of the past, and there are many simple sentences with expansion. Due to the limited space of newspapers and magazines, an important feature of news style in grammar is the high expansion of sentence pattern, rigorous structure, and the compression of rich information in the limited space. Common methods are to use language components such as apposition, prepositional phrase, participle phrase to expand simple sentences, and sometimes to use parenthesis instead of clauses, so as to simplify sentence structure.

      中译国际翻译(北京)有限公司
      China International Translation service Co., Ltd.

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