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      同声传译的技巧有什么?

      时间:2020-02-25 16:01:31 作者:


        同声传译不同于普通的翻译,需要译员边听边翻译,几乎和发言人是同步进行的,下面翻译公司小编给大家总结同声传译的技巧有什么?
        Simultaneous interpretation is different from ordinary translation. It requires translators to translate while listening. It's almost simultaneous with speakers. What's the skill of simultaneous interpretation summarized by the small editor of translation company?
        1、顺句驱动。就是同声翻译译员按听到的源语句子的语序,将整个句子分割成意群单位或信息单位,再使用恰当的连接词,将这些单位自然地连接起来,翻译成目的语。必须强调的是,顺句驱动并非是生硬地将每个单词对应在一起死译,而是将意群或信息顺着句子的语序和结构,兼顾目的语的表达习惯,自然地连接起来。
        1. Sentence driven. It means that the simultaneous translator divides the whole sentence into meaning group units or information units according to the word order of the source sentence, and then uses the appropriate conjunctions to naturally connect these units and translate them into the target language. It must be emphasized that the sequential drive is not to translate every word together, but to connect the meaning group or information naturally according to the word order and structure of the sentence, taking into account the expression habit of the target language.
        2、酌情调整。同声翻译译员需要不断地根据接受到的新内容,及时调整信息,补充漏译的内容,纠正错译或译的不够准确的内容。调整实际上是同传中的“校译过程”。将一些特殊结构或某些不能按顺句驱动原则直接译出的内容暂存或后置,或通过增补,使不能直接后置的结构自然地与前句连接。
        2. Adjust as appropriate. Simultaneous translators need to constantly adjust the information according to the new content they receive, supplement the missed content, and correct the wrong or inaccurate content. Adjustment is actually the process of "school translation" in simultaneous interpreting. Some special structures or some contents that can't be translated directly according to the sentence driven principle are temporarily stored or postpositioned, or are supplemented so that the structures that can't be directly postpositioned are naturally connected with the preceding sentence.
        3、适度超前。适度超前是指同声传译中的“预测”技能,即在发言人还未说出某信息的情况下,翻译公司同声翻译的译员靠自己的语言能力、背景知识及临场经验积极预测到发言人可能要讲的内容,进行一定程度上的“超前翻译”。
        3. Moderately ahead of time. Moderate advance refers to the skill of "prediction" in simultaneous interpretation, that is, when the speaker has not yet said a certain information, the translator of the translation company's simultaneous translation actively predicts the content that the speaker may want to speak by his own language ability, background knowledge and on-the-spot experience, and carries out "advanced translation" to a certain extent.
        4、信息重组。在任何形式的翻译中,由于语言差异,同声翻译译员要想忠实地将源语信息传译给读者或听众,就不可避免地要对源语进行结构上的重组,即按照目的语的句法结构和语言习惯,重新组织源语的信息点。信息重组的核心是传达发言人的意义,不拘泥于形式而保证信息的意义的对等。
        4. Information reorganization. In any form of translation, due to language differences, if the simultaneous translator wants to faithfully translate the source language information to the readers or listeners, it is inevitable to restructure the source language structure, that is, to reorganize the information points of the source language according to the syntactic structure and language habits of the target language. The core of information reorganization is to convey the significance of the spokesperson, not to stick to the form but to ensure the equivalence of the meaning of information.
        5、合理简约。是指在不影响源语信息及意义传达的情况下,对源语中复杂的信息进行一定程度的简化,通过采用简化的语言、解释、归纳、概括等方法传译源语信息。“合理简约”是同声翻译在翻译中必要的手段。一方面,由于知识背景和理解水平所限,普通听众难以理解一些专业性强的发言,此时译员需要采取一定手段,保证信息的有效传递。
        5. Reasonable and simple. It means to simplify the complex information in the source language to a certain extent without affecting the information and meaning transmission of the source language, and to translate the source language information by adopting simplified language, interpretation, induction, generalization and other methods. "Reasonable simplicity" is a necessary means of simultaneous translation. On the one hand, due to the limited knowledge background and understanding level, it is difficult for the general audience to understand some professional speeches. At this time, translators need to take certain means to ensure the effective transmission of information.
        以上就是给大家总结同声传译的技巧,希望可以帮到大家,想要了解更多相关内容可以观看本站其他文章。
        The above is to summarize the skills of simultaneous interpretation for you. I hope it can help you. If you want to know more about it, you can watch other articles on this site.
      中译国际翻译(北京)有限公司
      China International Translation service Co., Ltd.
       
       
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